The full name of

botulinum is Clostridium botulinum (also known as Clostridium botulinum). It is a kind of bacteria widely existing in nature, such as soil and animal feces. They can float in all directions with dust and small droplets floating in the air. It is impossible for any food production environment to be sterile, and all kinds of microorganisms are trying to penetrate into it. Botulinum in milk powder is also likely to fly into the production pipeline by taking advantage of small particles in the air, which happens to escape the cleaning of regular disinfection procedures. There are seven brothers in the

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botulinum toxin family. In fact, they are not toxic, but four of them can produce botulinum toxin in anaerobic environment (such as intestinal tract and closed fermented food). In Xinjiang, Qinghai and other minority areas in China, botulism and even death caused by self-made fermented meat products occur almost every year.

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botulinum toxin is really known to the public because some stars inject botulinum toxin to remove wrinkles. Although the toxicity of this toxin is relatively large, a little bit can poison people, but it is unstable to heat, and it will be destroyed after boiling for a few minutes. What is really difficult to solve is its spores. When feeling uncomfortable, botulinum botulinum

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use some protein and sugar to wrap themselves up, and then they can be “invulnerable”, and ordinary processing methods can not kill it. When it re enters the right environment, such as the human gut, it can wake up and continue to do bad things.

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adults are relatively less dangerous to adults because of the fact that the intestinal flora of

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has long been established, and a small amount of botulinum can’t fight these “local snakes”. But the normal flora of infants, especially those under 1 year old, is still in the construction stage. At this time, if botulinum comes to make trouble, it may have a great impact on the baby. How are the

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stipulated in our national dairy standards or infant formula food standards? In fact, there are no regulations! (there are regulations for Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella and Banqi in infant formula in China). Maybe many people think that this is because the standard of our country is backward. How can such severe bacteria not be standardized? In fact, there is no limit standard for botulinum in milk powder in the world, and it is not a routine test item. Botulinum botulinum

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are not common pollutants in dairy products, but the management of standards needs to consider the cost. Therefore, it is not included in the standard in many countries. For example, it does not mean that the fundamental problem of quality control is found in constant enterprises. The scientific concept of food safety management is to manage the limited problems with standard and realize more comprehensive safety guarantee by process control. For responsible large enterprises, the number of quality control projects and quality control requirements are far higher than the requirements of national standards. Postscript of

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: the milk powder contamination of

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is only an accidental incident. Panic is not necessary. Products that have not been recalled or removed from the shelves are still safe. However, the regulatory authorities should strictly check to ensure that contaminated batches of products are removed from the shelves or recalled.

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for domestic dairy enterprises, I think we should learn from New Zealand’s practice, strengthen quality control and actively disclose problems. In the short term, consumers may be a little uneasy about you, but long-term openness and transparency will win trust.

no matter who maliciously discredit Chinese dairy products, I will stand up and speak fair. No matter which enterprise’s own business is not done well, I will submerge you with saliva without hesitation like other consumers.

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