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Recently, a number of media and students in

asked me: have you read the new outline of food and nutrition development? What’s wrong with the data? Many indicators have not increased or even declined. I really don’t understand. Do Chinese people have less and less food?

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for example, in the 2001 outline, the per capita meat consumption target in 2010 is 28 kg. How can the annual per capita consumption target of meat in 2020 only increase to 29 kg in the new outline? At present, the actual per capita consumption has exceeded 50 kg! According to this figure, 1.3 billion people need 37.7 million tons of meat in the whole year. In 2012, according to the Statistics Bureau, the meat production was 83.8724 million tons, with a net import of 1.4376 million tons in the same year. According to the production capacity in 2012, is it not 47.61 million tons of meat per year? In other words, meat production can be cut in half?

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for example, in the new outline, the target of oil supply in 2020 is only 12 kg per year, and 1.3 billion people need 15.6 million tons of vegetable oil throughout the year. However, according to the Statistics Bureau data in 2012, the output of refined edible vegetable oil was 51.7297 million tons, and according to customs data, the net import of edible vegetable oil was 11.0397 million tons. According to the oil production capacity in 2012, is it not 47.1694 million tons more than the demand? Look at the versions of

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ten years ago. Except that the consumption targets of milk and fruit have increased significantly from 16 and 38 kg to 36 kg and 60 kg respectively, the rest are basically the same. Beans are still 13 kg, eggs from 16 kg to 15 kg, aquatic products from 16 kg to 18 kg, vegetables from 147 kg to 140 kg, and grain from 155 kg to 135 kg. In order to understand these indicators, we must first talk about what the outline is about. On January 28, the general office of the State Council issued the outline of China’s food and Nutrition Development (2014-2020). In early February, this news received media attention. In fact, this is not a new thing. Since 1990, the outline of China’s food structure reform and development in the 1990s was issued, the China nutrition improvement action plan was issued in 1997, and then the outline of China’s food and nutrition development from 2001 to 2010 was issued. At present, the latest version has been issued.

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look at these planning documents on the food and nutrition problems of Chinese people. In fact, their contents are the development process of food and nutrition in China for more than 20 years.

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in the 1990s, China’s food quantity to meet, residents eat enough energy and protein, but the majority of rural areas malnutrition problem is still relatively prominent. Therefore, in this version, more attention is paid to whether the production of protein food is sufficient and whether the problem of malnutrition can be solved. By the year 2001, the supply of agricultural products had been sufficient and diversified, and the supermarkets were full of food. However, the main goal of the outline was still to ensure the intake of nutrients and reduce the incidence of malnutrition diseases. It failed to effectively warn and manage the rising trend of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in time.

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now, the growth potential of food production has been very small, the problem of lack of resources has become increasingly prominent, at the same time, the proportion of people with insufficient food has been further reduced, the food waste is serious, the rate of chronic diseases is increasing at an alarming rate, the aging process is speeding up, and the medical burden is becoming heavier and heavier. Experts in agriculture and health have felt that China’s food structure is developing in an unreasonable direction. If this continues, the Chinese people will pay a heavy price for obesity, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, stroke, gout and many kinds of cancer caused by the wrong eating habits.

The new version of the

food and nutrition development outline is not based on the food consumption of developed countries, nor is it based on the existing production and growth rate. It is really in accordance with the requirements of healthy diet. We can see the goal of reforming the dietary structure and related industrial structure of Agriculture and food production system, and we can also see that the diet of Chinese people should be oriented towards What direction changes.

— Chinese people should eat less white staple food, and each meal should be diversified. According to the new guidelines, the ration is reduced to 135 kg (369 g of raw grain per day), which is about the same as eating a small bowl of dry rice and adding 1 or 2 hearts per meal. The energy supply ratio of grain has been reduced to 50%, which means that the daily diet should be diversified, and we should not always think that eating the staple food will lead to a meal. Take a look at the diet of many people now. In the morning, they eat some porridge, or two pieces of bread, or some biscuits. At noon, they have a ramen or cover rice. There are very few vegetables, a lot of noodles or rice, and even some snacks like rice noodles and cold skin. The form is changeable. Isn’t the content of the diet based on white rice and white flour? Have you managed to diversify your diet?

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— Chinese people should control the dietary energy (calories and calories) and avoid fat upper body. In the new outline, the per capita energy target is reduced to 2200-2300 kcal. This is because after the improvement of industrialization level, the proportion of heavy manual workers has been greatly reduced, the residents’ physical activity is too little, the obesity rate is too high, and excessive energy supply not only wastes resources, but also aggravates the problem of obesity. In the new version of dietary nutrient reference intake to be released by the Chinese Nutrition Society, the reduction of energy standard has become a foregone conclusion. The average energy of light physical activity is about 2000 kcal.

— Chinese people need to eat less meat. In the new outline, the meat consumption target has been slightly lowered, and it is far lower than the current production. Chinese people’s average meat consumption has long exceeded the world average, and some of it is wasted in restaurants and families. Too much meat doesn’t bring happiness, it brings more hypertension, heart disease and stroke, and increases the risk of a variety of cancers, such as bowel cancer. The Chinese Nutrition Society recommends that people only need to eat 50-75 grams of meat a day, to see if they eat more than 500 grams of meat a week? If it exceeds the standard, reduce it appropriately.

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— Chinese people need to eat more fruits and vegetables, and the proportion of one meat with three vegetables should be maintained in addition to the staple food. Dietary survey data show that the intake of vegetables in China is not too much, so it is not necessary to reduce it. According to the data of the new outline, the total amount of meat, eggs and aquatic products is 29 + 15 + 18 = 62 kg (79 g meat, 41 g eggs per day)The target for vegetables is 140 kg (383 g per day) and 60 kg (164 g per day) for fruit, which adds up to 200 kg. This is because eating more fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of various chronic diseases and many cancers. The vegetarian diet is a traditional dietary pattern that Chinese people have adapted to for thousands of years.

— Chinese need to increase dairy products. The target of milk consumption in the new outline is 36 kg, which is only equivalent to 99 g milk per person per day. Although many people in western countries hold a negative attitude towards dairy products, this is due to excessive intake. Any kind of food has a reasonable amount, excessive consumption is harmful, does not mean that moderate consumption will also be harmful. Studies have confirmed that milk will not bring harm to health at the level equivalent to 300 grams of milk per day. However, within the consumption range of 0-200 grams, milk and fermented milk have the most positive effect on health, including helping to control blood pressure, preventing stroke, preventing diabetes, preventing obesity, and effectively improving the deficiency of calcium, vitamin A and vitamin B2 There is a widespread lack of nutrition. Milk is the only food variety whose domestic production capacity can not meet the target demand. Therefore, it is necessary to continue to promote the development of dairy industry in order to achieve the goal of dairy consumption in 2020.

— Chinese people need to continue to eat soybean products. The target of soybean consumption in the new outline is 13 kg, which is equivalent to 35 g soybean per person per day, or about two cups of thick soybean milk or 3 liang of water tofu. Soybean products are not only the source of plant protein, but also the source of calcium, magnesium, vitamin E, dietary fiber and a variety of health ingredients which are beneficial to prevent diseases. Soybean resources should be used more to make tofu, to help prevent osteoporosis and heart disease, rather than to extract oil and make people eat fat meat.

— Chinese people need to eat less oil. The target of oil intake is slightly higher than before (12 kg is equivalent to 33 g cooking oil per day), but it is far lower than the current production and consumption. Because of their love of frying and frying food, the amount of cooking oil consumed by Chinese residents is seriously excessive. Families with more than 60 grams of cooking oil per person per day can be found everywhere, which has become an important reason for overweight and obesity. How many men and women are there in the street? How did their fat come from? Too much oil not only increases triglycerides, but also increases the risk of diabetes. A large part of China’s oil production raw materials come from imported high oil soybeans. Reducing these imports will not have adverse effects on national health and agricultural development. According to climate analysis experts, the future climate trend will lead to the continuous decline of global corn and soybean production, and soybean and corn are important animal feed raw materials, but also important oil production raw materials. Reducing oil consumption and meat consumption in advance is also a good plan for China to cope with global climate change. The

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are that China’s actual food production capacity can meet the needs of the people, and the actual production of vegetables and fruits is far beyond the target value. After production, a large part of them are not fully commercialized, or rotten and thrown away in the process of circulation and storage. With the improvement of people’s living standards, people pay more attention to the quality of food rather than quantity supply. There is a strong demand for safer, higher quality, better taste and higher nutritional value of food. Therefore, the new “Outline” puts forward that the development of agriculture and food should also strive to improve the quality and safety. This is the development direction of China’s agriculture in the future, and also the driving force for the growth of food industry.

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in short, after reading the new version of the outline, we feel that the food structure of Chinese people in the future will become more scientific and reasonable, and the quality of food will continue to improve. Of course, the results and whether the goals can be achieved still depend on the regulation and control of relevant departments, whether the commitment of strengthening nutrition education and formulating nutrition regulations can be realized, and whether every citizen is willing to change the unreasonable food structure to promote the health of themselves and their families. “

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